Mattei Compressor Advantages
ROTARY VANE vs. ROTARY SCREW AIR COMPRESSORS
In comparison, rotary screw air compressors are complex and sensitive to precise tolerances and are composed of two parallel rotors with external helical profiles (screws) which enables the two rotors to engage, one into the other. The two rotors are fitted with four (4) roller bearings and two (2) thrust bearings and placed inside a stator made from two cylinders which intersect longitudinally and in which the rotors turn with a critical minimum clearance at speeds between 3,000 and 8,000 rpm via belts and sheaves or gears. Oil is used to seal, cool and compress the air which results in blow-hole losses and declining efficiencies outside of the ideal speed range. Engineered bearing life is 50,000 hours, but installed airend life tends to be between 35,000 and 40,000 hours between major overhauls.
Mattei’s rotary vane RSU is not subject to thrust forces and remains balanced under load as pressure is equalized along the length of the rotor. Mechanical efficiency remains high (~90%) as there is near-perfect sealing. The oil simply services the shaft bushings and provides lubrication for the blades. The efficiency is linear across the functional speed range, which makes the kw/100 cfm ratings of OPTIMA and MAXIMA truly class leaders.
In comparison, rotor screw airends are supported by roller and thrust bearings and generally one rotor drives the other by means of the helical profiles. Sometimes, they are driven by a pair of external gears. During rotation the screw profiles uncover an intake orifice at one end of the stator, through which the air enters and fills the volume between the meshing screws. On the opposite end the meshing screws discharge pressurized air through a discharge port. During the process, some gas bubbles rise through the oil to escape along the blow-hole path seeking the lower differential pressure across the length of the screws. This results in loss of efficiency that becomes magnified as the speed varies above or below the ideal design range of each airend.